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How to setup ssh port forwarding with autossh and systemd or launchtl
With more and more workloads moving to the Could I find myself in need of connecting to databases or other services that are not exposed on the internet and there is no VPN setup. To do this I tunnel my connection via SSH. When this happens, I have to remember the ssh tunneling syntax.
Typically I’ll run the following:
I use the -N (Do not execute a remote command. This is useful for just forwarding ports) and -T (Disable pseudo-terminal allocation) options so that I don’t get a tty connection on the <bastion/jump server>. When I am done, I have to kill the connection, or worse if sleep your computer you have to find the processes and kill the connection. To get around this I switched to using autossh for my ssh tunnels. This will re- establish my connection if it fails, also I can use systemd or launchctl to manage it. I find using systemd helpful for times when you have an instance you want to push data somewhere (monitoring data) and you don’t want to open up ports or setup a VPN.
For Mac users you can install autossh with brew
For Linux you can use yum or apt-get to install it.
Once it is installed, you can test a connection with the following:
For linux based systems, if you want to setup your portforward on boot, you can use systemd to do this. It also makes it easier to enable for disable your autossh setup. I have used this for remote telegraf monitoring nodes to push metrics to a Cloud based influxdb server.
With either the systemd or launchctl setup you can now start or stop your session. For the Launchctl I have been able to add multiple connections to a plist file, you just need to change the ports. I used the launchctl along with SwitchOmega on a regular basis. I found myself, in another country and trying to access my airline website to confirm check in, but denied access due to the country I was in. A quick update to SwitchyOmega and I was able to proxy airline website via the SSH proxy.
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